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A to Z of neurological topics

In this section we feature information on a number of tests, treatments and conditions, with links for more information either within this website or on external sites where possible. If you can't find what you're looking for, you may wish to speak with one of our Helpline team who may be able to answer your questions. Send an email to [email protected] or call free on 0808 808 1000.

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    Occipital neuralgia


    A condition in which the nerves, called the occipital nerves, which provide sensation to the scalp and some of the face, and carry signals to some of muscles in the face, are inflamed or injured, causing pain to be felt in the back of the head and neck, and sometimes around or behind the eye.

    Occupational therapist


    A specialist health professional who offers practical support and advice on everyday skills and activities, for example, using equipment at home.


    Useful links:


    Optic neuritis


    Inflammation of the nerves that connect to the eyes from the brain. Optic neuritis can occur as a result of infections or autoimmune conditions, and is associated with multiple sclerosis.



    Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects the joints in the body, causing them to become painful and stiff, and it is the most common form of arthritis.



    An osteoma is a type of growth that is made of bone. It is sometimes referred to as a form of tumour.



    A condition that causes the structure of bones to become weaker and more susceptible to fractures.


    Useful links;

    National Osteoporosis Society