A type of tumour that can affect the head and neck and develops from the cells that line blood vessels.
A collection of clotted blood that has formed outside of a blood vessel and which can put pressure on nearby structures. Haematomas can cause a wide range of symptoms depending on where they are located in the body.
A large flow of blood that has escaped from a damaged blood vessel.
A term that describes when a condition causes weakness or paralysis on only one side of the body.
Hereditary spastic paraplegia
(also known as spastic paraeparesis)
A group of inherited disorders that all primarily cause worsening weakness and stiffness in the leg muscles.
The term herniated disc, also sometimes referred to as a slipped disc, describes when one of the discs of cartilage which sit between the vertebrae in the spine, is bulging or damaged and is causing pain or putting pressure on nearby nerves or the spinal cord.
A progressive, inherited condition that causes damage to nerve cells in the brain and can affect a person’s movement, cognition and behaviour.
A build-up of fluid in the brain. The excess fluid leads to increased pressure on the brain which can cause damage to the brain tissue.