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Anatomy of the brain

Do you know which parts of your brain control the different functions in your body? This page explains what the different parts of your brain do.

Frontal lobeFrontal lobe

The frontal lobe governs our personality, character and behaviour. It is where we control our body movement and how we express ourselves. This part of the brain allows us to speak. It is also where we solve problems and do most of our learning. It allows us to organise and plan.

Occipital LobeOccipital Lobe

The occipital lobe receives messages from the eyes and recognises shapes, colours and objects. This bit of the brain allows you to tell the difference between a square and a triangle. It also controls your eye movements.

Parietal lobeParietal lobe

The parietal lobe gives you a sense of 'me'. It figures out the messages you receive from the five senses of sight, touch, smell, hearing and taste. This part of the brain tells you what is part of the body and what is part of the outside world.

Temporal lobeTemporal lobe

You have two temporal lobes, one behind each ear. They receive messages from the ears so that you can recognise sound and messages. This part of the brain also recognises speech and is how you understand what someone says to you. It also helps your sense of smell. Your short term memory is also kept here.


The cerebellum sits at the back of the brain and controls your sense of balance. This allows you to stand up, walk in a straight line, and know if you are standing up or sitting down.

Brain stemBrain stem

The brain stem controls your lungs and heart and blood pressure. It sits at the top of the spine and receives messages from the rest of the body. In some ways this is the most important part of the brain because it keeps you alive. Hurting this part of the brain is very serious.


The ventricles make the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that protect and cushion the brain and spinal cord. CSF also helps to keep the brain healthy and working properly.


There are lots of interesting things that go on in the very middle of the brain, which is made of smaller parts known as the limbic system. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland control things like your body temperature, how fast you grow and tells you when you are thirsty.


Test your knowledge!

Take our Brain Quiz to see how much you know about the brain

Or find out about the anatomy of the spine